The following is a translation of the Spanish post by Pastor Sugel Michelén. He notes on his blog post that the material can be reproduced and transmitted without copyright under the following conditions:
© By Sugel Michelén. Todo Pensamiento Cautivo. You can reproduce and distribute this material, always without lucraticve goals, without altering its content and acknowledging its author and origin.
Here is the link to the original post in Spanish:
I have also translated the post to Portuguese on my blog:
1. Man created in the image and likeness of God has the duty to imitate him, and our God established in His creative work a model of 6 days of work and 1 day of rest (in the 4th commandment of the Decalogue God himself makes this connection between His example and our duty, compare Exodus 20:8-11).
2. Upon finishing His creation God blessed the 7th day and sanctified it, as it says in Genesis 2:1-3. So that the day of rest (Sabbath) was not instituted by God at Sinai, nor was it designed exclusively for the nation of Israel. It is concerned about the ordinance of creation, just as marriage and work, established by God for the benefit of man, as the Lord says in Mark 2:27.
3. The day of rest (Sabbath) supplies two of man’s basic necessities: the necessity that we have to give rest to our bodies and to have communion with God without our own impediments of a life of work in the rest of the week. Therefore, it is about a blessing and privilege, not a straitjacket which would be better to free oneself from it.
4. The day of rest (Sabbath) was included in the Ten Commandments, in the summary of the moral law of God, written on two tablets of stone by the same God. These Ten Commandments posses a unique importance in conjunction with the mosaic laws.
5. Paul teaches in Romans 2:14-15 that even the gentiles that do not know the Word of God have the work of this law written on their consciences. Therefore, this moral law continues to be the divine standard to judge what is and is not sin (compare Romans 3:20; 4:15; 7:7; 1 John 3:4). If this moral law was no longer valid these texts wouldn’t make any sense.
6. One of the central blessings that God promises in the New Covenant is to write His law on our hearts (Jeremiah 31:31-34). In other words, God did not promise to annul the Ten Commandments, rather to give us the capacity to appreciate and obey them. And in no place in the Old Testament or in the New Testament is the possibility suggested to reduce the 10 commandments to 9.
7. Our Lord Jesus Christ said expressly in Matthew 5:17-20 that he did not come to abrogate the law and the prophets. This expression “the law and the prophets” signifies all of the Old Testament. So that the Lord is establishing clearly that He sis not come to annul, rather to fulfill, the teachings of the Old Testament. Now well, “What does this mean?” Various things. As Robert Martin pointed out this means that Christ came to perfectly obey the moral law of God, to suffer the curse of its disobedience in place of His people, to fulfill all of the ceremonial types of the ceremonial law, to establish the kingdom towards which the civil laws pointed, and to fulfill all of the prophecies that were given in reference to Him. But now note something important. Beginning in verse 18 the Lord says explicitly that the subjects of His kingdom should take very seriously the ethical demands of this law (verses 18-20). What does this imply in relation to the Ten Commandments? The Lord Jesus Christ is extremely clear with respect to this in verses 21-22, and 27-28. Christ did not come to annul these commandments, rather to teach those who belong to Him the true scope of each of them. Someone can say that the Lord didn’t mention the 4th commandment here, but neither did he mention the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 8th, 9th, and the 10th. He chose 2 of the 10 in order to show the true scope of the commandments of the moral law of God.
8. During His earthly ministry our Lord Jesus Christ occupied himself with the 4th commandment more than any other commandments form the Decalogue. instead of annulling it, the Lord purified this ordinance from all of the bonds imposed b y the scribes and Pharisees, and whom made this day a difficult burden to bear.
9. The New Testament teaches that the Ten Commandments conform an unbreakable unit (James 2:8-11); so that you cannot annul one of the commandments without affecting the rest. To pop a globe you don’t have to pinch it in various parts at the same time. It is sufficient to pinch it only on one side to pop it. Likewise the Decalogue is like a globe; whatever commandment that one violates, he violates the entire globe.
10. Paul teaches clearly that the moral law of God resumed in the 10 commandments continues to be the law of the life for New Covenant believers (compare Romans 7:7, 12, 14 – it is spiritual in the sense that it has an divine origin and character, 1 Corinthians 2:12, and in the sense that it regulates our internal conduct, no only our external appearance; 18, 21 – 8:4).
11. The pattern established by God for His people in the New Testament continues with the same frequency of meeting as His people in the Old Testament: once a week.
12. The redemptive work of Christ does not annul the necessity that we have to give our bodies rest once a week, and to occupy ourselves with our relationship with God in a special way, without our impediments from the rest of the week. Until we enter heaven, we need a day of rest.
13. In Revelation 1:10 the apostle John refers to a day of the week as “the Lord’s day”; and it is generally accepted that John is referring there to Sunday, the day in which the church was accustomed to gather to celebrate the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ.